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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 15, 2015 7:00am-7:31am EDT

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♪ hungry's government declares a state of emergency in two counties and detains more than 9,000 refugees crossing from serbia. and 22 refugees including children trying to get to greece drown off the turkish coast. ♪ i'm julie and you are watching al jazeera live from doha and live on the program israelis in jerusalem injuring 36 palestinians and australia's new leader is sworn this as prime minister, the fourth in two years. ♪
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hungary declared a state of emergency in two border counties after detaining more than 9,000 refugees crossing from serbia. imposed tough new border controls blocking the mainland route and a four meter fence erected and it's a criminal offense to cross the frontier without permission from serbia, a country which is not in the eu. the eu chief is meeting with the u.n. high commissioner for refugees to discuss the crisis and called for unity and relocating them across member states. >> our unity or lack of unity internally has an impact on our credibility externally and on effect of that and it's in the last month in a very complicated
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and very positive way. i come to what we do, united as europeans on external action on migration and refugees. we need the same level of unity and action on the internal policies in the european union, otherwise we are half. >> in the middle of these chaotic situation member states try to take their own measures and borders try to be more or less differently monitored and some in a very hash way as it was described and others in a softer way but it's as if europe each country is a piece in the puzzle but when you put the pieces together you discover that the pieces do not match any more and there is not such a space as europe acting together to be able to grant protection to those in need of protection. >> mohamed is in rushka on the hungary-serbia border and no lam
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lots of people trying to get across to sush yeah but hungary has basically closed its doors. >> absolutely right, julie and, in fact, what we have heard in the past couple of hours in no way a surprise, first that hungary has imposed a state of emergency in two counties including where we are here right now and rustko on the border of serbia and have been expecting that for days and had been discussed in parliament and government officials indicated that would happen so the government here could better deal with the influx of refugees. beyond that also in announcement that at least 60 refugees have been arrested trying to cross in to hungary and that they will be charged. we also had been expecting that and heard for a couple of weeks now there are laws put in place that would make it easier to arrest refugees and charge them no matter their age so again none of that coming as a shock today. we have not seen too many refugees where we are right now
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at the border and unofficial crossing last night and a train car outfitted with razor wire was brought here and where the fence is where so many refugees yesterday were crossing into hungary, now they can no longer do so at this crossing point. what has been happening is the few dozen refugees we have seen come to this point today in the hours leading up to this one they have been turned away and usually walk a couple kilometers down through a field and go to an official crossing point and try to get that way and that being said we are hearing from officials that the refugees on that side of serbia's border with hungary at the official crossing point are being denied entry and are hundreds of them and sitting there and pleading with officials to let them cross to hungary and being denied entry into this country. all being said and done despite the fact that hungary has now sealed this border and there is mounding pressure on hungary to deal in a corrective way with
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the refugee crisis and pressure on the eu nothing when it comes to this crisis has been resolved and the influx looks as though it will continue unabated in the days to come, julie. >> you spent time with the refugees as they made a last desperate gash to get into hungry before the borders closed and what are they saying about how they are being treated or where they might go? >> well, many of the refugees we spoke with were from syria and they were from iraq and i met one iraqi father who brought his family with him, he had come from southern iraq and had been wounded due to clashes there, narrowly escaped with his life, decided he was going to get his family out of there and said he come all this way and gotten this far and gotten into europe and he is not going to be turned away and almost in europe and in serbia yesterday and is not going to let the new restrictions keep him from trying to get to germany where he ultimately wants to get and that is the attitude for most of
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the refugees i'm speaking with and also spoke with a syrian refugee yesterday who paid $7,000 for small l -- smugglers and will work with them in order to get o-germany and really the refugees seem to be unfazed and they of course are concerned, they are worried about what is going to happen to them, many of them are worried if they are getting into hungary and if they are out of hungary but they say they are going to be undeterred and continue to try to make their way no matter the roadblocks that keep being put up in their way and on this desperate journey they are on, julie. >> thank you, mohamed in rustka there. at least 22 people have drown off turkey after the wooden boat they were in sunk and it was believed they were going to the greek island of kos and we are joined from istanbul and another
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tragic tale of people trying to reach europe and tell us what happened. >> well, julie despite those new border controls in europe that mohamed has been talking about there seems to be no let up in refugees trying to transit through turkey to make it to western europe. we understand that this was a 20 meter long wooden boat, they are called galets in turkey and used to take tours off the coast of bodra and it was packed with 233 passengers and must have been completely ramp packed because normally not 100 comfortably on one of those boats and headed out to cos a dozen or so kilometers from the turkish coast when it sank and we don't know what made it sink at the moment. we know 22 people drown, 11 women and 4 children among them, 211 people rescued by the
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turkish coast guard and brought back to bodrum and i have to say the last months it's very unusual these sorts of wooden boats would be used ford a crossing and really seeing large rubber inflatable dinghys being used and this vessel can carry many more people but have not seen them used. >> thank you for that and reporting live from istanbul there. the russian president vladimir pootin and they believe moscow positioned tanks at a syrian air base near latakia and sending two cargo flights a day within the past week and peter sharp has more from moscow. >> reporter: president putin confirmed he will continue to offer military support to president assad and the fights
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have been stepped up now and this is sort of military equipment he says will be used solely in the fight against i.s.i.l. talk to analyst kremlin and you will see there is no willingness for an invasion of syria. they remember what happened in afghanistan and took them so long to get out but they also say that putin has got no intention of turning his back on president assad. he has real support in the assad government and his country has several bases there they would lose if assad was toppled from power. in the meantime putin is trying to put together a diplomatic offensive that would encourage the west to support a joint operation by syrian opposition groups and the syrian military against a common enemy, obviously that common enemy is i.s.i.l. and at the upcoming u.n. talks later this month this
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will be hopefully for putin he will get an opportunity to sit down with president obama and put out those plans in detail. israeli police have again stormed alaxia compound known as temporal mount in occupied east jerusalem three times and 36 injured and tuesday is the end of the jewish new year when jews are allowed access to the site. palestinians fear israel wants to change the rules which allow jews to visit but not prayer. prime minister benjamin netanyahu says the rules won't change, the site in jerusalem is one of the hotly contested religious sites in the world and holy to muslims, jews and christians and home to two of the most important sites in islam, the mosque where we have seen more violence on tuesday and the dome of the rock. jewish tradition maintains this is where the final temple will be built when the messiah comes to earth.
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malcolm says there never has been a more exciting time to be australian with tony abbot of the ruling party and the fifth prime minister in over five years with leadership challenges within both major parties and andrew thomas reports from sidney. >> in australia it is be coming a familiar site, a new prime minier being sworn in. >> i do swear i will well and truly serve the people of the state. >> reporter: malcolm said his government will put forward a positive vision for australia's future. >> there has never been a more exciting time to be alive than today and there has never been a more exciting time to be an australian. >> reporter: australia had a turbulent resent political past with now five prime ministers in just over five years, four in the last 2 1/2. the outgoing prime minister this time said he had much to be proud of but in his concession
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speech he said the instability and internal party division has to stop but his successor he had this promise. >> there will be no rigging, no under mining, and no snipering. i've never leaked a background against anyone and i certainly won't start now. our country deserves better than that. >> reporter: malcolm is a familiar figure to most australians and less right wing than tony abbot and minister of the environment he takes more seriously issues of climate change and in favor of gay marriage, abbot was against, where the former prime minister was this and he is a republican and he led the campaign of the republic ahead of referendum but it will be small but he had slo gones of stopping boats of refugees and scrapping a carbon tax and defeating what we call
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the i.s.i.s. death cult and he had one foot in the past and prone to making embarrassing decisions. >> heading for election suicide on tony abbot. >> don't think he did the best job. >> i think he was a bad prime minister. >> reporter: contrast opinion polls suggest malcolm is popular and likely to win election due in a year. >> i think malcolm is very capable. >> i actually am really happy, it's kinds of a breath of fresh air. >> i think he is articulate and i think he will present well. >> reporter: it will be economic management on which he is likely to be judged. australia's economy closely tied to china's is going through a rough patch, malcolm says he has a vision to steer it through and embrace the changes to come and has a year to prove it assuming he is not toppled before the next election comes, andrew thomas, al jazeera, sidney. a lot to come on al jazeera
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including. >> we fled a bigger problem, there is no problem greater than hunger. >> ethiopia migrants willing to travel to a conflict shown in hopes of a better life. >> the pakistani woman who has won a u.n. award for her work with refugees, that is coming up.
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welcome back and remind you of headlines hungary declared state
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of emergency on two counties borders serbia with 9,000 refugees crossing in from serbia and border controls blocking the mainland route with the eu. russia president vladimir putin says they will provide support to the military regime and asked others to join in and it will worsen the situation and believe they have tanks at a syrian air base near latakia, israeli police stormed the compound on the temple mount for the third day and 36 palestinians injured and tuesday is the end of the jewish new year when jews are allowed access there and they say they want to change the rules that allow jews to visit but not to pray. nigeria's president is in france asking for help to fight the group boko haram and met with fran fran on monday hand has two
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days of negotiations and the boko haram crisis is no different than the fight against i.s.i.l. and boko haram is behind two attacks since security measures have been in schools in the northern town and students are scanned and searched before being allowed into class and we have more. >> reporter: not your typical day at school but these are dangerous times, boko haram's attacks have been concentrated in small towns in cameroon's far north so many children in the largest city dwalla were not expecting this. >> translator: they put us in a line and started searching us and are scared because there could be a bomb and separated us into different groups. >> some parents did welcome the
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daily routine. >> we take our children and we want everybody to be, you know, relaxed and happy to be here. >> reporter: cameroon is a major contribute tore the nigerian led regional force that is taking on boko haram. critics say attacks like this one are one of the consequences. the bombs went off the day before the start of the new school year, one man says he saw two children acting suspiciously. >> translator: there were two kids on the other side and have their hands in their pockets and a man is now dead asked one child where are you from but he didn't answer and kept his hands in his pockets and there was an explosion. >> reporter: the people are no strangers to violence and even with more soldiers the street the area is an easy mark for boko haram fighters crossing border from nigeria. back with the lessons that
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include briefings on the group and its tactics. the government which has also ban the full face veil as a security measure says it is not taking any chances. al jazeera. opposition activists in the democratic republic of congo are holding a demonstration and say the president is planning to stay in power beyond his second term and that is a violation of the constitution and human rights laws say some opposition people who took place in january are still missing and we have more from the capitol. >> reporter: opposition party have some up rising and say they are concerned, the signs are there they may want to extend the power and run for a third term and the government say they got enough money to hold a local convention and presidential election then the court asked for permission to come up with new dates for the elections to be held which means there will be a delay and he will stay in
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power longer and use it as an excuse to violate the consultation and people are disappearing and the u.n. is worried and people fear in the next coming months and it could be problematic and violence in particular and the whole process happens quickly. the main message now is it seems like the dates will be delayed and seems like he will stay longer in power. the u.n. special envoy to yemen is in saudi arabia to meet with members of the government in exile. post hadi refused to attend talks unless the houthis demand from the territory they captured and on if ground with the saudi-led coalition say they are moving to the capitol sanaa and uae forces are fighting in the central province which is the
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staging ground for the push. 20 have been killed and 8 troops with president hadi were also killed. everyday hundreds of yemeni refugees arrive in the horn of africa escaping the war back home but there is also a steady trickle offenders print ethiopia migrants who make the periless join any that way and want to find jobs in healthy gulf countries and we met some in the region. >> reporter: on the move in northeastern somalia and the european migrants working in small groups are an all too common site here and some offer them water and then drive off. >> translator: there are opportunities in ethiopia. i left behind my father, mother and entire family and i'm their only hope and i won't rest until i get a job in saudi arabia. >> reporter: they are headed
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here, the poor city which has gained a reputation for being somalia smuggling and has a ship near the port, hundreds live here. they do all kinds of jobs to earn enough money to pay for the journey to yemen and on ward. >> translator: we know there is war and other problems in yemen but we fled an even bigger problem, there is no problem bigger than hunger. >> the hopes of jobs and better lives like saudi arabia that keep the migrants going and to reach it they need people smugglers and too often they never reach the yemeni shore and abuse and rape and torture among others adopted by smuggling rings account for the increase in the number of deaths at sea. the government says it's struggling to stop the flow of ethiopia migrants. other cities main entrance rivals together and taken to a
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newly open migrants. >> translator: we want to keep them here as long as they can, the dangers at sea are worst than the conflict in yemen and return to ethiopia those willing to go back. >> reporter: but local government capacity to deal with growing number of ethiopia migrants is limited, many believe the solution to reach economically prosperous countries lies not here but in ethiopia, mohamed with al jazeera, somalia. sentenced 7 people to death over the suicide bombing that killed 26 people at a shia mosque in june. 29 defendants including 7 women were accused of helping a saudi bomber carry out the attack, 5 of those sentenced to death are still at large. 8 people were given prison terms ranging from 2-15 years, the court cleared 14 others. the u.s. food and drug administration ban import from a
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plant in india over quality concerns and it's the tenth site in the country to face such action this year alone and 44th in the past four years and global leader in making generic drugs or cheap copies of medicines whose patents expired and india companies supply drugs and vaccines by global aid agencies in poor countries and two weeks ago the world health organization said the labs that supply tuberculosis to the tb partnership that inspections raised serious concerns about data manipulation and contamination and the bans will have an enormous impact on the pharmaceutical industry. >> it's a very serious issue and we need to understand why this is happening and why this happens and our concern is that as you have likely said india is globally the one for making
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affordable medicines and making it accessible to the world over and we have sort of a champion around the world to ensure that indian medicines reach the poorest of the poor around the world in terms of accessibility and we feel very disheart ended and disappointed when such decisions come that countries ban import of india medicines because it actually denies access to medicines to people around the world and there are a lot of u.s. citizens who access indian medicines and this kind of ban needs to be more transparent and we need to understand why this happens and is it the poor manufacturing practices, and how it is made transparent to ensure that processes improve and we continue to give good medicines globally for citizens all over
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to access generic medicines. a woman living in ultra conservative community in pakistan has won an international award for building a school for afghan refugee girls. and she is receiving the u.n.'s prestigious refugee award for her work and as nicole johnston says getting the men in the village to support her wasn't easy. ♪ the start of another school day, these girls are afghan refugees living in a remote community and it lies close to the mountains of south and their family left afghanistan over 30 years ago when the soviet union invaded. the school principal also fled here to a refugee camp in the middle of no where.
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the first thing she noticed was there was no school for girls. >> translator: we struggled to convince people they should allow their girls to go to school, i started with one tent and there were no books, pens, penci pencils, nothing. >> reporter: at first it was only a few students, now there are 140 girls. there are not enough rooms, some classes are even taught in a hot stuffy alcove. >> the children were backwards and didn't know about respect, dignity, hygiene and rights and earlier they were treated like animals and not asked if that i wanted to marry a particular man or not and now they give the girls the opportunity to decide. >> reporter: afghan refugees have been living here for so long that their temporary camp has now become a proper village but you won't see many women in the market. this is a very traditional society and people here are afghan refugees from the peshoon
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tribe and women are kept indoors and out of sight so for years allowing their daughters to go to school was out of the question. and she was one of the elders in the community to support girls' education. >> translator: the school started at a time when the taliban was ruling the area that borders us. everyone was sending their children to religious school and everyone was scared and when we started this movement even i was threatened but if i die for sending girls to school i will die feeling proud. >> reporter: starting at a young age these girls will learn english and two other languages and in this society there is no chance for them to continue to study as young adults and many believe it would shame the family but perhaps with time that too will change. especially if she has anything to do with it. nicole johnston, al jazeera,
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pakistan. and you can find out more about these and all the day's stories here on al jazeera by going to our website, the address al


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